Eastern Fence Lizard

Also known as Fence Swift, Prairie Lizard and Gray Lizard

Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) is native to eastern United States. They can live 2 - 5 years and grow to 4 - 7 Inches. Their conservation statis is Least Concern (LC).

The Basics for Eastern Fence Lizards

  • Housing
  • 20 Gallon Tank
  • Substrate
  • Sand, mulch or reptile carpet
  • Lighting
  • UVA/UVB Lighting
  • Temperature
  • 75 - 95 ° F
  • Food
  • Crickets, fruit flies, and small grasshoppers

Fence Lizard Pet Care

The eastern fence lizards can make for calm, friendly pets. They can grow up to 7 inches and they enjoy warm and dry climates. Many owners try to replicate their natural environment in a 20-gallon container with sand (mite free – something from the pet store) and multiple rocks for basking and hiding. A medium sized branch is often placed over two rocks for shade, basking, and walking areas.


Many people suggest sand, mulch or even reptile carpet. All are great but if you opt for the more natural substrates such as sand or mulch, make sure you pick up some from your local pet store and ensure it is mite/parasite free. Impaction can be another problem. This occurs when your pet consumes substrate accidentally. It can happen while they’re feeding, they consume sand and aren’t able to digest it. To prevent this from happening, some owners simply get high-quality reptile carpet or even use newspapers.

Lighting & Temperature

Most fence lizard owners equip their habitat with UVA/UVB lighting system to regulate temperature and for Vitamin D3. Keep the enclosure between 85 – 95 ° F during the day and 75 – 80 ° F at night. It is important to provide a basking area with temperatures between 95 – 100 ° F. This can be accomplished by using a basking lamp.

Mist your fence lizard’s cage 4 – 6 times a day. It provides humidity and a source of water. After observing your lizard for a short length of time, you’ll probably realize it would rather drink water from the misting (water found on cage decorations) than they will from the water dish.

Feeding & Watering

It’s important not to overfeed your eastern fence lizard. However, feeding your pet is quite easy as they love eating fresh insects like crickets. Feed them once every other day and limit the number of crickets to 3 or 4 per day (feed them 3 – 4 times per week). You can feed them crickets, fruit flies, small spiders and small grasshoppers.

As mentioned above, you should provide a small dish of clean spring water for drinking. However, its most likely your lizard will drink water off cage decorations after you mist his or her cage.

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